The architectural look of the square has formed over
centuries. The oldest structure is the Kremlin wall with the towers
that are over 500 years old and Lenin mausoleum, built in 1929 is the
latest construction in the square.
The most famous part of Red Square
is the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed built in 1555-1561 to
commemorate the victory of the Russian State over Kazan Khanate. This
unique whimsically designed structure uniting nine churches into a
single whole is often called “the stone flower in Red Square” and
referred as the symbol of Moscow and Russia.
The square is
most beautiful at night. It is both romantic and impressive when
entirely illuminated by floodlights, its ruby-red stars atop the
Kremlin towers glowing against the dark sky.
of St. Basil the Blessed, "the stone flower in Red Square"