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For many centuries the Kremlin has been the vibrant heart of Moscow, the holy of holies in the Russian State.

Its architectural ensemble within the redbrick walls compromising cathedrals and palaces is the result of efforts of many generations. It is a unique cultural monument, a treasure house of invaluable works of fine and applied decorative arts represented in the Armoury museum and Diamond Fund.

The Kremlin is the very beginning of Moscow.  Originally it was a fortress, a regular city with wooden houses, churches, monasteries, and royal and princely palaces protected by the high wooden walls with formidable towers built in the 12th century by the order of Prince Yury Dolgoruky, the founder of Moscow. Over the centuries the wooden wall of the Kremlin were replaced with the white stone and then red bricks. 

In the 14th century the Kremlin became the seat of the Grand Prince of Moscow and ever since it was perceived as a separate, principle part of the city. Later on it was the residence of the Russian Tsars and Emperors and after the Revolution of 1917, the Socialist Government moved into the Kremlin. 

Now it is the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation and a unique museum complex.

The view of the Kremlin as seen from the Moskva River: one of 20 redbrick towers of the Kremlin, the elegant yellow-green building of the Grand Kremlin Palace and the shiny domes of the Cathedrals with the dominating  Bell Tower of Ivan the Great.  

The ancient "contemporaries":  rebrick Kremlin Wall and the Cathedrals built at the end of the 15th, beginning of the 16th centuries

available a tour of the Kremlin  /duration: 1.5hours/ 

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